We human beings tend to forget how far we have come as a species in a relatively short period of time. It was only in the 1870s when we had the first house that was lighted with electricity. Cars just started to become available 100 years ago. Charles Lindbergh made the first trans-Atlantic flight in 1927. Televisions didn't become widely available until after World War II. In other words, the advances humankind has made in a relatively short period of time have been nothing short of extraordinary. Perhaps just as extraordinary is how we tend to simply adapt to these incredible changes, not realising how completely our world has been altered in a short span of time. With that in mind, it is worth looking back at some of the amazing scientific advances we have made in the last few decades.

We human beings tend to forget how far

EDUCATION HSC

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We human beings tend to forget how far

Part-I : Marks 60

1.   Read the passage and answer the questions A and B.

We human beings tend to forget how far we have come as a species in a relatively short period of time. It was only in the 1870s when we had the first house that was lighted with electricity. Cars just started to become available 100 years ago. Charles Lindbergh made the first trans-Atlantic flight in 1927. Televisions didn’t become widely available until after World War II. In other words, the advances humankind has made in a relatively short period of time have been nothing short of extraordinary. Perhaps just as extraordinary is how we tend to simply adapt to these incredible changes, not realising how completely our world has been altered in a short span of time. With that in mind, it is worth looking back at some of the amazing scientific advances we have made in the last few decades.

There is nothing that piques the interest of a human being quite as much as the prospect of living a longer life. Implanting a person with an artificial heart in 1982 was an extraordinary step towards increasing the human lifespan. A Seattle based dentist, Dr. Barney Clark, was the first person implanted with the Jarvik-7, an artificial heart intended to last a lifetime. The Jarvick-7 artificial heart was designed by Robert Jarvik. Though the patient survived 112 days, it was a huge step towards the development of heart transplant surgery. One day, more advanced versions of artificial organs will likely allow us to live much longer and more productive lives. When we get there, we will owe a lot to Robert Jarvik’s artificial heart.

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Phones have been around since the late 1800s, but cell phones made their appearance only in the 1990s. Today, by some estimates, more than 100 million people in Bangladesh and more than 4.6 billion people worldwide have mobile phones. Anything that is useful and spreads so fast has to be considered one of the greatest inventions of all time. Just two decades ago, in Bangladesh, even land lines were difficult to obtain, let alone mobile phones. Today people from all social strata use cell phones, from street vendors to business executives in luxury cars, and from villagers to urbanites. Since May 2015, Bangladesh joined its South Asian neighbours India (862 million) and Pakistan (122 million) on the list of countries with 100 million or more mobile phone users. The other countries on the list are China (one billion users), Russia, Brazil, the United States, Indonesia, Japan, Germany, the Philippines and Nigeria.

Today, we take for granted that we have one machine that allows us to access the Internet, do word processing, use a calculator, watch TV, play games and do a host of other things. But the personal computer only became available to consumers in 1974. Things really took off when Microsoft Windows was introduced in 1985 and it’s good that it was since without the prevalence of personal computers, the Internet wouldn’t have had nearly as big an impact as it has ever since.    [Unit-13; Lesson-1]

We human beings tend to forget how far

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A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 

(a)  What does the word ‘tend’ refer to?

(i) forget                       (ii) ignore                     (iii) neglect                   (iv) incline

(b)  In 1982 the artificial heart has been —. 

(i) discovered               (ii) selected                  (iii) invented                (iv) transplanted

(c)  What does the word ‘estimates refer to?

(i) calculate                 (ii) original                   (iii) natural                  (iv) statistics

(d)  What is the closest meaning of the word ‘innovation’?

(i) stagnation               (ii) original                   (iii) novelty                   (iv) rarity

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(e)  What does the phrase ‘look back’ mean?

(i) to think about something happened in the past

(ii) to talk about something what may happen in future

(iii) to search for something

(iv) to look for information

B. Answer the following questions. 

(a)  What do human beings tend to forget according to the passage?

(b)  Who made the first trans-Atlantic flight and when?

(c)  Who first designed an artificial heart and what was the name of the artificial heart?

(d)  How many people in Bangladesh use mobile phones? How many people around the world use mobile phones?

(e)  When did the personal computer become available to consumers?

  1. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the life and living condition of pandas. (one is done for you.)

Though they are one of the most beloved animal species on Earth, pandas aren’t safe from the devastating effects of climate change. According to a new study, projected temperature increases in China over the next century will likely seriously hinder bamboo, almost the source of food for endangered pandas. Ninety-nine per cent of a panda’s diet is bamboo and an adult panda needs around 38 kilograms of bamboo every day. Only if bamboo can move to new habitats at higher elevations will pandas stand a chance of survival, the researchers said.

However, if conservation programs wait too long, human inhabitants and activities could claim all of the new  habitats capable of supporting bamboo in a warming world.

“It is tough, but I think there’s still hope, if we take action now,” said research team member Jianguo Liu… “If we wait, then we could be too late.”

The researchers used various climate-change models to project the future for three bamboo species relied on by pandas in the Qinling Mountain region of China, which represents about a quarter of the total remaining Panda habitat. These models varied in their specific predictions, but each forecasted some level of temperature rise within the coming century.

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The results suggest that if the bamboo is restricted to its current distribution area, between 80 and 100 percent of it will disappear by the end of the 21st century, because it won’t be able to grow under the increased temperatures.

If, however, bamboo can move into new, cooler areas (which will reach the same temperatures as current bamboo habitats due to warming), then there is hope. However, all depend on the extent to which humans can curtail climate change by limiting greenhouse-gas emissions in the future.

Many pandas in the wild currently live in nature reserves protected from human encroachment. However, almost all of the land encompassed by those reserves will be unsuitable for the bamboo if the temperatures rise as predicted. But if conservationists plan ahead now to move those reserves in line with changing bamboo habitats, then it may be possible to preserve the land the pandas will need.  [Unit-8; Lesson-3]

1. One of the beloved animal species ® 2. ® 3. ® 4. ® 5. ® 6.

We human beings tend to forget how far

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  1. Write a summary of the following text. 10

A vast mangrove forest shared by Bangladesh and India that is home to possibly 500 Bengal tigers is being rapidly destroyed by erosion, rising sea levels and storm surges, according to a major study by researchers at the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and others.

The Sundarbans forest took the brunt of super cyclone Sidr in 2007, but new satellite studies show that 71% of the forested coastline is retreating by as much as 200 meters a year. If erosion continues at this pace, already threatened tiger populations living in the forests will be put further at risk.

Natalie Pettorelli, one of the report’s authors, said: “Coastline retreat is evident everywhere. A continuing rate of retreat would see these parts of the mangrove disappear within 50 years. On the Indian side of the Sundarbans, the island which extends most into the Bay of Bengal has receded by and average of 150 meters a year, with a maximum of just over 200 metres; this would see the disappearance of the island in about 20 years.”

The Sundarbans is known for vanishing islands but the scientists said the current retreat of the mangrove forests on the southern coastline is not normal. “The causes for increasing coastline retreat, other than direct anthropogenic ones, include increased frequency of storm surges and other extreme natural events, rises in sea-level and increased salinity which increases the vulnerability of mangroves,” said Pettorelli.

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“Our results indicate a rapidly retreating coastline that cannot be accounted for by the regular dynamics of the Sundarbans. Degradation is happening fast, weakening this natural shield for India and Bangladesh.”

“As human development thrives, and global temperature continues to rise, natural protection from tidal waves and cyclones is being degraded at alarming rates. This will inevitably lead to species loss in this richly biodiverse part of the world, if nothing is done to stop it.”

“The Sundarbans is a critical tiger habitat; one of only a handful of remaining forests big enough to hold several hundred tigers. To lose the Sundarbans would be to move a step closer to the extinction of these majestic animals,” said ZSL tiger expert Sarah Christie.   [Unit-8; Lesson-4]

  1. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. Make any grammatical change if necessary. 
described publication win top seller critic earn
not only culture buried but also born identify

This passage is about Humayun Ahmed. He (a) — on 13th November in 1948. He was (b) — an author and dramatist, (c) — a script writer and film maker. The (d) — of his novel Nondito Noroke (e) — him fame. As a result, he (f) — admiration from literary critics like Dr. Ahmed Sharif. The Times of India (g) — Humayun Ahmed as a custodian of Bangladeshi literary culture. His writing style was (h) — as magic realism. His books have ranked the (i) — at the Ekushey Book Fair. After his death in New York, he was (j) — in Nuhash Palli.

  1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 

The National Memorial at Savar (a) — nation’s (b) — for the martyrs of the Liberation War. This (c) — is 150 feet (d) —. The actual (e) — is to build a complex covering an (f) — of 126 acres. It (g) — a mosque, a library and a museum. This complex gives a clear (h) — to all oppressors that the (i) — of freedom need not be very big and that oppression will always be (j) —.

  1. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order.

(a)  A craftwork is one kind of art.

(b)  But the mechanical production of craftwork is a challenge to the preservation of its authenticity.

(c)  Government should also come forward in this regard.

(d)  Branding and marketing are the best solution of this problem.

(e)  Due to lower demand for handcrafts some of them are disappearing day by day.

(f)   The aesthetics of crafts remain natural although the desires and preferences have been changed.

(g)  This will help to create a strong attraction and demand for hand crafts.

(h)  It is our duty to preserve these cultural heritage.

(i)   A craftwork has great importance on our cultural heritage.

(j)   After industrial development consumers are more and more getting attracted to the machine produced product.

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We human beings tend to forget how far (Set-02)

A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives.

(a)  What does the word ‘adapt’ mean?  

(i) forget                       (ii) ignore                     (iii) conform                 (iv) believe

(b)  Personal computer got introduced in —.

(i) 1985                        (ii) 1974                       (iii) 1981                      (iv) 1990

(c)  What is the closest meaning of the word ‘appearance’?

(i) disappearance        (ii) emergence              (iii) false                       (iv) original

(d)  The word ‘span’ refers to —.

(i) duration                  (ii) lifetime                   (iii) life cycle                 (iv) wonderful

(e)  What does the phrase ‘as much as’ mean?

(i) so much that one can afford                      (ii) so much that one can not afford

(iii) not very much                                          (iv) not enough

B. Answer the following questions. 

(a)  When did cars become available? When did we first light our house?

(b)  When did televisions become available? When was the first artificial heart implanted?

(c)  Who is the man implanted with the artificial heart and how long did he survive?

(d)  When did we become familiar with land lines and when did cell phones make their appearance?

(e)  What can we do with a personal computer?

  1. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the struggle of Nelson Mandela. (one is done for you.)

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters)- Nelson Mandela guided South Africa from the shackles of apartheid to a multi-racial democracy, as an icon of peace and reconciliation who came to embody the struggle for justice around the world.

Imprisoned for nearly three decades for his fight against white minority rule, Mandela never lost his resolve to fight for his people’s emancipation. He was determined to bring down apartheid while avoiding a civil war. His prestige and charisma helped him win the support of the world.

“I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I will fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days,” Mandela said in his acceptance speech on becoming South Africa’s first black president in 1994, …….”The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.”

“We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation.”

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In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, an honor he shared with F.W. de Klerk, the white African leader who had freed him from prison three years earlier and negotiated the end of apartheid.

Mandela went on to play a prominent role on the world stage as an advocate of human dignity in the face of challenges ranging from political repression to AIDS.

He formally left public life in June 2004 before his 86th birthday, telling his adoring countrymen: “Don’t call me. I’ll call you.” But he remained one of the world’s most revered public figures, combining celebrity sparkle with an unwavering message of freedom, respect and human rights.

“He is at the epicenter of our time, ours in South Africa, and yours, wherever you are,” Nadine Gordimer, the South African writer and Nobel Laureate for Literature, once remarked.

The years Mandela spent behind bars made him the world’s most celebrated political prisoner and a leader of mythic stature for millions of black South Africans and other oppressed people far beyond his country’s borders. 

 [Unit-1; Lesson-1]

1. Fighting against white minority rule ® 2. ® 3. ® 4. ® 5. ® 6.
  1. Write a summary of the following poem. 10

I died for beauty, but was scarce

Adjusted in the tomb,

When one who died for truth was lain

In an adjoining room.

He questioned softly why I failed?

‘For beauty,’ I replied.

‘And I for truth- the two are one;

We brethren are,’ he said.

And so, as kinsmen met a-night,

We talked between the rooms,

Until the moss had reached our lips,

And covered up our names.

[Unit-14; Lesson1]

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We human beings tend to forget how far (Set-02)

  1. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. Make any grammatical change if necessary.
responsible unemployment minimum within latrines shortage
rate limit controlled facing developing face

Bangladesh is (a) — several problems because of her over-growing people. Environment pollution, (b) — of food, clothes, accommodation etc are some of them. Our population is growing at such a high (c) — that the environment may soon fail to supply the people with their (d) — necessities. As a result, the people may (e) — danger and destruction. The increasing number of vehicles is (f) — for traffic jam. (g) — is responsible for drug addiction and terrorism among the youths. People’s making (h) — on the bank of rivers and canals pollutes the environment. It is high time we (i) — the growth of population. We should take immediate measures to keep our population (j) — a limit.

  1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 

Happiness means the vibration of our heat, soul and mind. It helps us to sleep a (a) — sleep with (b) — dreams. It is the (c) — of satisfaction and gratification. Happiness lies at the root of our (d) — activities. A man can be happy by (e) — what he has. If a man hankers after more, the (f) — to achieve more destroys his (g) — of mind. In the real sense of the (h) —, no man can get happiness (i) — being honest and (j) —.

  1. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order.

(i)   It is used for making small statues, vases etc.

(ii)  Besides the market demand it always retains its aesthetic value as well.

(iii) These were collected from Dinajpur in 1940.

(iv) Some terrocotta dolls are displayed in the Bangladesh National Museum’s.

(v)  A handmade craftwork is the reflection of the ordinary people and culture of a community.

(vi) Nakshikantha, terracotta, wood craft etc. are different kinds of craftwork.

(vii) These are the heritage of our culture.

(viii) It represents a way of life and a cultural flavour.

(ix) Terracotta is one kind of hard pottery of brownish red colour.

(x)  So it is an important part of the society and culture.

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We human beings tend to forget how far (Set-02)

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We human beings tend to forget how far (Set-02)

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8 thoughts on “We human beings tend to forget how far

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